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Custodians:

Letters from Sweden

May 14, 2021

Deborah's comments re an April 19, 2021 piece in the Lancet, re Sweden

May 11, 2021

Limits on numbers allowed in stores

April 30, 2021

Vaccination rates and opening up for larger events

April 23, 2021

Kids and schools

April 20, 2021.

Wondering how the numbers in the news line up with Deborah's own experience.

April 17, 2021:

About Swedish parks

April 15, 2021

Includes Deborah's summary of Sweden’s Public Health Authority report of the results of 2 studies.


March 30,2021

Including a vacation trip, and returning to Sweden


Feb.26, 2021, a letter from Deborah, a Canadian living in Sweden:

family groups keeping their distance while shopping

I'm sending two photos, one of the main shopping street Drottninggatan, at 2pm today.

The other says “thank you for keeping your distance” - this has been the health authority's central message.

Will there be some thoughtful analysis now that hard data is available to back up different strategies? I am glad that the Swedish approach can serve as a counter-narrative.

Important to remember in Sweden: no lockdowns, kids at school, no mask mandates, restaurants, gyms and shops open, open border, no quarantine hotels, much more social mixing….I am so happy when I am out and I see kids running around with their friends, at the park, hanging around the shops, just being kids…

The herd-immunity concept is so poorly understood. Our chief epidemiologist used the term at the beginning of the outbreak, that we should shelter the vulnerable & elderly and let everyone else get on with life, and this will have the effect of dampening the spread over time, thereby protecting the elderly. But then international condemnation kicked in, and now he doesn’t dare say this. Our care homes did get hit hard at the beginning (as they did everywhere), and we had to sharpen routines but the situation has been considered under control since the spring. This has been used against Sweden again and again, as has our relatively high mortality compared to Finland and Norway. Yet our excess mortality has been zero, or very low, all winter.

I must say that the view from Sweden looking outward, is that there is mass hysteria. I traveled to twice outside of the country during the pandemic and decided I would prefer to stay in low key Sweden and not travel again until the situation outside of Sweden is calmer. And I say this even as my husband was very sick with covid in March last year - I understand how serious the virus can be… for certain demographics in society.

But you’ve seen the data on distribution of covid deaths in Sweden - about 100 deaths in people under age 50, out of 12,000 deaths in total.

Life here is quiet, but feels fairly normal. Children have remained in school the whole time, shops, hair salons, spas, gyms, are all open with capacity restrictions, restaurants are open, with some illogical restrictions (no alcohol after 8, and now suddenly they are required to close at 8:30. I think people were ordering lots of drinks right before 8 and staying late). There is no mask law, and very few people were wearing them. Now suddenly in Stockholm, we are told they are “recommended” - first on public transportation, where the uptake was about 10%, and now they say “all the time”, and there is more use, perhaps 25%?.


“thank you for keeping your distance”

This is a political decision of the local government, not a scientific one. Our chief epidemiologist has consistently said they have very limited usefulness, there is little data to support them, and it is more important to stay apart. And a large Danish study came out confirming they have limited usefulness. When asked about these new local recommendations yesterday at a press conference, he confirmed “they have limited usefulness, aside from reminding people we are still in a pandemic”! But there is some truth to this - many people don’t care about the pandemic anymore. People are out, the sun is shining. Our numbers are coming down, the hospitals are busy but not overwhelmed, the elderly have been vaccinated and so there are few deaths now, time to move on with life…

So a warning: you will start to see headlines like “Sweden reverses stance on masks, admits defeat, blah, blah”, but that is not really true. As a practical matter, no one needs to wear one, it is just a “recommendation”, which most people will ignore.

Our borders are open to people coming from countries that allow us, in turn, to travel there. If you are non-resident you need a negative PCR test to enter. If you are a resident returning from certain countries (UK, Brazil, South Africa), you are recommended to test on arrival, again after 5 days, and stay home for 7. But these are recommendations - no law enforcement. Our chief epidemiologist has said cross border infections account for a very very small amount - something I saw confirmed in the Canadian press, even though they will implement draconian hotel quarantines? Again, politics over science.

Big venues like concert halls and movie theatres have been allowed to stay open with limited numbers (perhaps 30? I can’t remember), and so many of them have chosen to close. I thought I’d go to the movies this weekend - but no good movies out! A retro movie house is doing good business by offering a dine-in option - movie plus dinner and drinks - taking advantage of more space in the theatre. They are booked solid, people are desperate for something to do.

The government gave universities the option of holding in person or on-line classes and they opted for on-line. So my son has spent the last year of university on-line. He does get to the gym, and he sees his friends, they can go out for a pint, but still, I feel like there was a little bit of laziness in the decision, I think they could have made things work, perhaps not in big lecture theatres, but could have held smaller tutorials, even occasionally. Young people need connection!

What doesn’t get discussed enough in the foreign media is that we have very little social unrest, very limited infringement on civil liberties. The biggest area of complaint is the restaurants closing early - every Monday(?) restaurant owners take to the streets to bang pots in protest.

Our policies have been fairly consistent from the beginning, no lockdowns, no children in/out of school. We were told we had to prepare for a long haul, we had to have policies we could live with for a long time.

Additional information from Deborah, March 1, 2021:

1. Our chief epidemiologist Anders Tegnell now has 24 hour police protection. :-/

2. At the beginning of the pandemic, care homes for the elderly were closed to visitors, while the situation was brought under control. The sharpened routines were better hygiene, better training of staff, fewer staff interacting with each patient, that type of thing. But then a decision was made when the pandemic waned late spring, to allow visitors, as the mental health effects of not allowing visitors was considered a worse health risk than the virus. Elderly who have had both their shots are free to meet people as they choose, and “hug their grandchildren”. The situation concerning the unvaccinated is less clear to me - I believe each care facility has discretion. Hospitals are quite strict here as well. A friend’s mother was in the ICU (not covid) and he couldn’t visit her until the very end of her life, when it was clear she wouldn’t recover.

3. Interesting data on Swedish schools remaining open: basically, there have been less infections among children than seasonal flu; no deaths of the 1.8 million children aged 1-15 who remained in daycare or school.

March 9, 2021

A zoom call with Deborah. It sounds like despite the fact that up to the day of our call Sweden has somewhat fewer covid deaths per million than most other EU countries, Swedish media generally follow the broader international media consensus: that the handling of the pandemic in Sweden has been a shameful disaster. Deborah said that the amount of bullying on twitter seems very similar to that in other countries as well (mostly name-calling), with some tweets saying that Anders Tegnell ought to be brought before the international court of justice for genocide.


See also: supplementary material sent by Deborah


Content last modified on May 17, 2021, at 03:21 AM EST